The most common dental problem faced by both children and adults alike is dental decay. Also known as dental caries, dental tooth decay is a lesion formed inside the tooth structure – any part of the tooth or on the exposed root. Tooth decay most commonly occurs on the top or bottom (occlusal) surfaces of the back (posterior) teeth inside the crevices of the tooth. Mesial and distal (interproximal) decay is also common and occurs between the teeth.
The best ways to prevent tooth decay are as follows:
Dental fillings made from dental-grade ceramic or composite resin are placed in cavities to restore the strength, shape, aesthetics, and functionality of the teeth. Dental fillings are a type of restoration used to repair areas of the tooth damaged by cavities and tooth decay. If left untreated, cavities can worsen and lead to periodontal (gum) disease and tooth pain. Fillings, once placed, can restore the shape, strength, and appearance of the natural tooth. If the tooth decay is small and doesn’t extend over to a large surface, a composite filling can be the best option to restore the tooth.
Various materials are used for fillings, and it depends on the size and location of the tooth damage and the desired outcome.
The materials used for dental fillings are as follows:
Composite resin is mostly preferred as fillings, especially in highly visible areas of the mouth, as they can be customized to match the color of your natural tooth.
The dental filling process usually involves the following steps: